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Yalta Agreement And Poland


However, on the question of Poland`s post-war status, the hostility and mistrust between the United States and the Soviet Union, which would characterize the Cold War, was most evident. Soviet troops already had control of Poland, a pro-communist provisional government had already been formed and Stalin insisted that Russia`s interests be recognized in that nation. The United States and Great Britain believed that the Polish government in exile, based in London, was the most representative of the Polish people. The final agreement called only for the formation of a government in Poland “broader than the public”. Free elections were called to determine Poland`s future for the future. Many U.S. officials were outraged by the agreement, which they said made Poland a communist future. Roosevelt felt however that there was nothing he could do at the moment, since the Soviet army occupied Poland. In the late 1920s and early 1930s, a complex series of alliances were formed between the nations of Europe, in the hope of avoiding future wars (either with Germany or with the Soviet Union). With the advent of Nazism in Germany, this system of alliance was strengthened by the signing of a series of “mutual aid” alliances between France, Great Britain and Poland (French-Polish Alliance).

The agreement stated that in the event of war, other allies should mobilize and implement a “ground intervention within two weeks” to support the attacked ally. [21] [22] [23] The Anglo-Polish agreement stipulated that in the event of hostilities, the other side would provide “all support and support in its power” with a European power. [24] The final agreement stipulated that “the provisional government currently working in Poland should therefore be reorganized on a broader democratic basis, including Polish and Polish democratic leaders abroad.” [18] Yalta`s language recognized the supremacy of the pro-Soviet Lublin government in a provisional government, albeit a reorganized one. [19] The agreement called on the signatories to “consider together the measures necessary to fulfil the common responsibilities defined in this declaration.” During the discussions on Yalta, Molotov added language that weakens the implication of the application of the declaration. [19] Churchill defended his action in Yalta during a three-day parliamentary debate that began on 27 February and ended with a vote of confidence. During the debate, many MPs criticized Churchill and expressed deep reservations about Yalta and his support for Poland, 25 of whom drafted an amendment to protest the agreement. [22] In some cases, he is accused of wilful duplicity, with secret agreements or intentions being alleged to be at odds with public agreements.

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